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Randall L. Kennedy, a tutor of Law at Stanford University, spoke at Memorial Auditorium last Thursday to advertise his book, "Nigger: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Concept."
This engagement was part of "Who Are We?" full week, a weeklong series of special attractions that used arts as well as scholarship as a catalyst to encourage people to question their functions in society.
"'Nigger' is probably the most famous racial epithet in the world," Kennedy told the audience. "It has shown up in all places in American culture through nursery rhymes to lines of popular songs to help stories and novels."
Thought to be derived from the Latin word for black "nigor" this slang term first showed up in English in the Sixteen hundreds, Kennedy said. By the 1800's, "nigger" had become a widespread derogatory term intended to slander and show contempt, possesses been understood and stationed as such ever since.
"One shouldn't are convinced 'nigger' as insult is safely assigned to our history,Inches he said. "'Nigger' as insult continues to have currency in American existence."
Kennedy said one way to evaluate the lingering pervasiveness of the expression "nigger" is to conduct a simple search online. He quickly realized that sites such as "KKK Comedy Central" and "Nigger Ghetto Gazette" are simply mouse clicks away.
In fact, Kennedy's inspiration for his book came up by way of the Internet. He absent mindedly typed "n i g grams e r" into the Lexis Nexus database, which in turn generated over 4,500 citations.
Kennedy said that "nigger" has a one of a kind salience and currency that makes it distinct from other racial or ethnical slurs in the English language. "The American language is sprinkled having ethnic and racial slurs wetback, gook, chink, kyke, wasp, guinea as well as them are deployed in horrendous ways," he explained. "But 'nigger,A I think, is special. It's the only one of these racial insults which has generated other racial insults.
"When individuals pour contempt on Native Americans," Kennedy said, "they refer to Indians as 'timber niggers,' they consider the Irish as the 'niggers of The eu,' and Arabs as 'sand niggers.A 'Nigger' adds this baseline, this specific gold standard of racial epithets.In
What makes "nigger" a bit of an enigma is that it is not just used as a derogatory term. It's also used in African American culture being a term of endearment and as a new gesture of solidarity, that's intensely controversial, Kennedy said.
He or she referred to rap artists which include Ice T and Glaciers Cube who both have penned lyrics using "nigger" in several of their total songs. Kennedy said that this use of the word lends itself to a redefinition from the term. "There are some people who have decided that they are going to respond (towards the negative history var ett plus storlek modell associated with "nigger") by way of attempting to turn the tables on their tormenters," he said. "There are a few people who have decided to yank 'nigger' from the anti black bigots and use the phrase the way they want to, in the same way of which some gay people have yanked 'queer' far from anti gay bigots."
Although the term "nigger" has both bad and the good connotations, Kennedy said that he does not are interested cleansed from America's historical past. "I would not be in favor of somebody going for a giant eraser and going over all of yankee social life and erasing the phrase 'nigger' wherever it appeared,Inch he said. "I want people to understand that there were major politicians that not so long ago used 'nigger' in a derogatory technique, just like I want people to know of the history of lynching. I think we have to understand that social life is complicated, which society has various spheres, and words can have a variety of meanings."
However, Ou peut-rrrtre freshman Tameka Foster expressed dissent regarding this point of view. She questioned the way "nigger" can be used in a positive approach, and thinks it should be removed from the English dictionary. "I merely don't think 'nigger' can be justified in a shape or form,In she said during the issue and answer session to come Kennedy's speech.
Kennedy responded by proclaiming that he does not want to be limited by a før det bliver stukket med stammen fyr og udstødt barn og råben på dem hele tiden history of the term "nigger." Simply by embracing the word, he said, one particular takes it out of the arms of racist bigots, and applies a prideful and constructive spin on a biting slur. "We the treatment of anxiety masters of language,Inch he said.
"There is no word that should exercise mastery over all of us," he argued. "And when we attempt to turn tables about the historical use of a word, there're at the very least showing an appreciation for this fundamental tenet."
Erica Butcher, a OU graduate student, mentioned she un repubblicano che è alla ricerca di un terzo mandato was disappointed by way of Kennedy's speech because she assumed it encouraged the open-handed use of an offensive phrase.
"You can never take away the history and a profound impact that this phrase has had on people,In . she said. "Use the word for those who mean it, but don't makes use of the word if you don't mean that and don't understand what it means to some people who have suffered and already been called a 'nigger.'
"I want individuals understand how passionate and mad I am to hear the word as a result of what it means to me and my experience," she added.
Kennedy said that the history from the word "nigger" is constantly changing, and will continue to be a focus of country's controversy. "As we speak, you will discover controversies arising all over the United States regarding this term," he said. "These controversies will not be going away Video viaEuronews 536 any time soon, and in fact, within the years to come, there will be all sorts of controversies which will arise that none of us may also envision."

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